Thursday, July 17, 2008

Weight Loss with a Low-Carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or Low-Fat Diet

This study is getting quite a bit of attention in the media and on blogs


Background Trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of weight-loss diets are frequently limited by short follow-up times and high dropout rates.

Methods In this 2-year trial, we randomly assigned 322 moderately obese subjects (mean age, 52 years; mean body-mass index [the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters], 31; male sex, 86%) to one of three diets: low-fat, restricted-calorie; Mediterranean, restricted-calorie; or low-carbohydrate, non–restricted-calorie.

Results The rate of adherence to a study diet was 95.4% at 1 year and 84.6% at 2 years. The Mediterranean-diet group consumed the largest amounts of dietary fiber and had the highest ratio of monounsaturated to saturated fat (P<0.05 p="0.01)." style="font-weight: bold;">Conclusions Mediterranean and low-carbohydrate diets may be effective alternatives to low-fat diets. The more favorable effects on lipids (with the low-carbohydrate diet) and on glycemic control (with the Mediterranean diet) suggest that personal preferences and metabolic considerations might inform individualized tailoring of dietary interventions.


Anonymous said...

It's interesting that very few of the news reports or blogs mention that this was not an Atkins-style low carb diet. It's important to note that they used a primarily vegetarian low-carb diet and that it was in a partially controlled setting (employees eating at a cafeteria). But most leave those details out to further their agenda.

Billy Oblivion said...


Or out of ignorance.

Do not blame malice when incomptence...